The Magna Carta Project

Notification of the King’s confirmation of liberties to the men of London

Identity

B30

Title

Notification of the King’s confirmation of liberties to the men of London

Beneficiary

Men of London (People)

Date of issue

17 June 1199

Place of issue

Shoreham, West Sussex, England (Places)

Sources

B = PRO C 53/ (Charter Roll 1 Henry IV) m.47, in an inspeximus, 25 May 1400
C = PRO C 52/ (Cartae Antiquae Roll C) no.27, s.xiii in

Printed

(from B) Cal.Chart.R. 1341-1417, 400 no.7; (from C) Foedera, Conventiones, Litterae etc., or Rymer’s Foedera, 1066-1383, ed. A. Clarke et al., vol. 1, part i (London, 1816), 76; The Cartae Antiquae Rolls 1-10, ed. L. Landon, Pipe Rolls Society n.s. xvii (1939), i, no.???; The Historical Charters and Constitutional Documents of the City of London, ed. Walter de Gray Birch, revised ed. (London 1887), 11-12 no.7, citing at p.308 sources: Harley 1125 fo.1; Harley 84 fo.37v; Sloane 754 fo.3; Society Antiquaries 105 fo.4; Harley 2058 fo.5, pd Foedera 76 (Hague i 36)' Hardy Syll.11; J.E. p.9; Maitl. 73; Noort 776; Luffin 19

Comment

Transcription

Iohannes Dei gratia rex Anglie dominus Hibernie dux Normannie Aquitanie et comes Andegauie archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, iusticiis, vicecomitibus, ministris et omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis salutem.  Sciatis nos concessisse ciuibus nostris Londonie quod nullus eorum placitet extra muros ciuitatis Londonie de ullo placito preter placita de tenuris exterioribus, exceptis monetariis et ministris nostris.  Concessimus etiam eis quietanciam murdri infra urbem et in Portsocha et quod nullus eorum faciat duellum et quod de placitis ad coronam pertinentibus se possint disrationare secundum antiquam consuetudinem ciuitatis, et quod infra muros ciuitatis neque in Portsocha nemo capiat hospitium per vim vel per libertationem marescalli.  Hoc etiam eis concessimus quod omnes ciues Londonii sint quieti de teloneo et lestagio et omni alia consuetudine per omnes terras nostra citra mare et ultra et per portus maris citra mare et ultra, et quod nullus de misericordia pecunie iudicetur nisi secundum legem ciuitatis quam habuerunt tempore regis Henrici aui Henrici patris nostri, et quod in ciuitate in nullo placito sit meskenninga, et quod hustingum semel tantum in ebdomada teneatur, et quod terras suas et tenementa ad vadimonia et debita omnia iuste habeant quicumque eis teneatur, et de terris suis et tenuris que infra urbem sunt rectum eis teneatur secundum consuetudinem ciuitatis, et de omnibus debitis suis que accomodata fuerint apud Londoniam teneantur, et si quis in aliqua terrarum nostrarum citra mare vel ultra siue in portubus maris citra mare vel ultra teloneum vel aliquam aliam consuetudinem ab hominibus Londonii ceperit, postquam ipse a recto defecerit, vicecomites Londonii namium inde apud Londoniam capiant.  Concedimus etiam eis quod habeant fugationes suas ubicumque eas habuerunt tempore regis H(enrici) aui Henrici patris nostri.  Insuper etiam ad emendationem ciuitatis eis concessimus quod omnes sint quieti de bridtol et de childwite et de ieresgieue et de scotale ita quod vicecomes nostre Londonie vel aliquis alius balliuus scotale non faciat.  Has predictas consuetudines eis concessimus et omnes alias libertates et liberas consuetudines quas habuerunt tempore regis Henrici qui H(enrici) patris nostri quando meliores vel liberiores habuerunt.  Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus quod ipsi et heredes eorum hec omnia predicta hereditarie et integre habeant et teneant de nobis et heredibus nostris.  Testibus H(uberto) Cantuariensi archiepiscopo cancellario nostro, Willelmo Londoniensi, E(ustachio) Eliensi, G(alfrido) Wyntoniensi et G(ilberto) Roffensi episcopis, Gaufrido filio Petri comite Essex, Willelmo Mariscallo comite de Penbroc, Hamelino comite Warenne, Ricardo comite de Clare, comite Rogero le Bigot, W(illelmo) comite Arundellie, Willelmo de Braos, Roberto filio Rogeri, Hugone Bardolf, W(illelmo) Bryegwarr’, W(illelmo) de Warenna, Stephano de Turneham, Simone de Pateshill.  Data per manum predicti H(uberti) Cantuariensis archiepiscopi cancellarii nostri apud Sorham xvii. die Iunii anno regni nostri primo.

Calendar

Notification that the king has granted to the citizens of London that: none of them may be impleaded beyond the walls of the city of London concerning any plea except those concerning holdings outside London, and except those pleas within the city concerning royal mints and ministers; that they be quit of murdrum within the city and in Portsoken; none of them is to duel; concerning crown pleas they may deraign themselves according to the ancient custom of the city; within the walls of the city and in Portsoken nobody may take lodgings by force or by payment to the marshal; they be quit of toll and other customs throughout the king’s lands; nobody shall be amerced except according to the law of the city as it was in the time of Henry I; there is to be no miskenning in any plea in the city; hustings shall be held only once a week; they may have all their lands, tenements, securities and debts; concerning their lands within the city, right shall be done to them according to the custom of the city; if anyone in the king’s lands take toll or any other custom from them, the sheriffs of London shall take pledge from him; they may have their grounds for hunting wherever they had them in the time of Henry I; they be quit of brudtol, childwite, yeresgive, and scotale.

Charters not found in surviving rolls